Sunday, August 23, 2020
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Make Singing Cake (Cooking Science Project) This is the formula for a singing cake. The cake sings while heating and afterward it is prepared to eat! Trouble: Average Time Required: 60 minutes Heres How: Preheat broiler to 350F.Grease and flour a light, fluffy cake pan.Melt the 2 squares of chocolate, set aside.In a spotless bowl, beat the egg whites until hardened and set aside.Cream spread and sugar.Stir in the egg yolks.Stir in the dissolved chocolate.Add 1 cup raisins.Stir 2 tsp. cinnamon, 1 tsp. cloves, and 4 cups filtered flour into the mixture.Stir in 1 cup slashed nuts and 1 cup jam.Now add the heating powder to the buttermilk and rapidly mix into the cake mixture.Fold in the solidly beaten egg whites.Bake at 350 degrees until cake quits singing, around 45 minutes.Mmmm... delicious warm cake! Singing Cake Ingredients 1 cup butter2 cups earthy colored sugar3 eggs, separated2 square harsh chocolate1 cup raisins1 cup nuts2 teaspoonsÃ¢ cinnamon1 teaspoon cloves1 cup strawberry jam4 cups filtered flour2 tsp preparing powder1 cup buttermilk
Friday, August 21, 2020
14 Quotes for a Funny Wedding Toast In the event that youve been approached to give a wedding toast, odds are youre paying attention to yourÃ¢ role. Maybe too truly! Regularly, the best wedding toasts start with a joke, regardless of whether they end up with a genuine wish for the couples future bliss. Why Give a Funny Wedding Toast? WeddingsÃ¢ bring up confounded feelings. For the lady of the hour and husband to be, theres euphoria alongside (much of the time) colossal nervousness. Now and again the tension is identified with the general concept of a lasting responsibility; different occasions its identified with parts of the wedding itself. Will the cook appear? Will my separated parentsÃ¢ get into a battle? Will Aunt Jane become inebriated and fall into the wedding cake? Additionally, complex feelings come up for guardians who are both excited and disheartened as their kid ventures into another job and another phase of life. Kin might be charmed, desirous, or even furious about some part of the wedding. Closest companions may feel deserted. Silliness is quite often the most ideal approach to break the ice, lower tension, and simply have a great time at a wedding. On the off chance that youve been approached to give aÃ¢ wedding toast, odds are you have a cozy relationship with either the lady of the hour, the lucky man, or both. That implies you know which sorts of cleverness are probably going to get a major giggle, and which wont. Clever Wedding Quotes to Choose From Not these axioms will be directly for you, yet youll in all likelihood discover a couple of that interface with your specific wedding party! Henny YoungmanThe mystery of a cheerful marriage stays a mystery. John MiltonBiochemically, love is much the same as eating a lot of chocolate. Henry KissingerNobody will ever win the skirmish of the genders. ThereÃ¢â¬s an excess of associating with the adversary. Cathy CarlyleLove is an electric cover with another person in charge of the switch.Ã¢â¬â¹ SocratesBy all methods, wed; on the off chance that you get a decent spouse, youll be glad. In the event that you get a terrible one, youll become a logician. Rita RudnerI love being hitched. Its so extraordinary to locate that one uncommon individual you need to pester for an amazing remainder. Mickey RooneyAlways get hitched promptly in the first part of the day. That way, on the off chance that it doesnt work out, you havent squandered an entire day. Henny YoungmanI take my significant other wherever I go. She generally discovers her way back. Ralph Waldo EmersonA keeps an eye on spouse has more control over him than the state has. Honore de BalzacThe larger part of spouses help me to remember an orangutan attempting to play the violin. Anne Bancroft The most ideal approach to get most spouses to accomplish something is to propose that maybe theyre too old to even think about doing it. Erma Bombeck Marriage has no certifications. In the event that that is the thing that youre searching for, go live with a vehicle battery! Unknown A decent marriage is one where each accomplice subtly speculates they showed signs of improvement bargain. WinstonÃ Churchill My most splendid accomplishment was my capacity to convince my better half to wed me.
Monday, July 13, 2020
Essay on Economic Globalization Economic Globalization Dec 20, 2018 in Economics Economic Globalization and its Human Impacts Do larger states mean that the income inequality between the rich and poor are wider? It can be assumed that larger and affluent governments have larger and better welfare systems for their underprivileged citizens, thereby reducing the income inequality among its residents. However, in the paper written by Andreas Bergh titled Do liberalization and globalization increase income inequality?, it is revealed that the chief beneficiaries of the welfare systems of large governments are the bourgeoisie or the citizens in the class category. This suggests that the income distribution is compressed (Bergh Nilsson, 2008). Can it be expected that the higher the globalization progress rate of a country comes with higher income inequality rate? Globalization and economic freedom are associated to economic growth but its relation to income distribution remains in need of deeper research, mainly because there are many levels of economic progress and types of economic freedom (Bergh Nilsson, 2008). One dimension may have a different effect to income distribution, as compared to another type of liberalization.
Tuesday, June 30, 2020
The Impact of Gender Stereotypes in Commercial Advertisements on Family Dynamics - Free Essay Example
As each one of us enter this world, society likes to begin stamping gender roles on us the second we are removed from our mothers womb. Baby boys are swaddled into blue blankets and baby girls in pink respectively. As we grow, more gender stereotypes of how we are supposed to act are ingrained into our subconscious. For example, little boys are told not to cry or show any emotion, while little girls are expected to be submissive and feminine. Our parents are the first persons we see and therefore whom we model ourselves after. It has been suggested that the media plays a powerful role in how we live, think, and behave. It could also be said that the media perpetuates gender stereotypes in how males and females are supposed to act regarding the typical family dynamic, or the Ã¢â¬Å"nuclear family.Ã¢â¬ There is always a father who is tall, handsome, and masculine, as well as a beautiful, slender, attractive mother and their two young children. History of Commercial Advertisement Advertising has greatly evolved from the printing press, to the commercials seen during the streaming of our favorite Hulu series. While sometimes being an annoyance to many, television commercials were the highlight of television with their comedic skits and catchy jingles. About thirteen years after the television was invented, the first legal commercial advertisement aired in 1941 before the Brooklyn Dodgers baseball game, lasting only 9 seconds (Luckin, 2013). This began the start of something new for advertising. Businesses now had the luxury of expanding their market by using commercials to advertise goods and services. Around this time, the middle to late twentieth century, the United States was recovering from World War II and the Cold War. Service men were finally returning home and settling down, initiating the baby boomer period. This influenced the advertisers to sell the American Dream, a significant theme in many television commercials advertisements. Producers addressed the needs of consumers. One must consider that advertisers plan out the entirety of commercials. The actors, the script and the setting have all been chosen by someone who believes what will be showcased will grab the attention of viewers, in efforts to persuade them to buy the product. Television in the twentieth century is not currently what is seen. Vintage commercials from the 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s to 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s were displayed in black and white. Looking at various commercials for Folgers, the actors are mostly white males and females aging from their late twentyÃ¢â¬â¢s to early fortyÃ¢â¬â¢s, lacking in diversity. Majority of these advertisements all have similar storylines: a wife doing household chores or showing a husband going off to work. Commercial advertising in this time period is mostly selling household products, food and other domestic goods, alluding excellent cooking or cleaning to being an excellent housewife. Women are often presented as a product in a domestic environment or associated with a domestic product. One could infer that this theme presents itself as a type patriotism, perpetuating the idea that woman are serving the nation by serving their husbands. There is an unequal role of portrayal of women and men, conforming to common gender ster eotypes. The portrayal of men and women in these classic commercials create Ã¢â¬Å"belief systems [that] create normative expectations and influence individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of both themselves and othersÃ¢â¬ (Fowler Thomas, 2015). Minorities in Advertisements It has been suggested that representation in the media helps provide a positive image that affects the attitudes and perceptions of society. For minorities, it seems as though representation of Black or Latino families in television commercials has increased within the last several years. Most, if not all other minorities, are completely missing on television except for stereotypical roles. For example, African American men are often portrayed in stereotypical roles which include service providers and athletes, while Asian American men are typecasts in roles concerning technology or business positions. Although audiences may see positive racial representations, such as African American athletes, or successful Asian American business men, many viewers are unaware of the racial stereotype that is hiding behind such advertisements. These ads suggest that black men are only skilled in physical jobs because they the lack intellect required for business, where Asian American men are only skilled in educational positions because they lack physical coordination for sports. It is due to these types of commercials that stereotypes continue to remain a part of the commercial advertising industry today (Christine M. Rubie-Davies, 2013). Another reason that many minorities are virtually invisible in commercial advertisements is due largely to the gender stereotypes attached to their race. It has been suggested that, due to numerus reasons, racial minorities have been ignored in commercial advertising mainly because of stereotypes about certain stereotypes. According to a study done on magazines ads, both black men and Asian American women are always disproportionally represented in magazine ads versus television commercials. Some racial groups are viewed by society as more masculine whereas other groups are viewed as more feminine (Lay, 2017). The black community has been sadly underrepresented in the advertising industry leading many to believe that the black consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion is not valued in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s advertising market. A recent study concluded that less than six percent of advertising managers are black. (Franklin, 2014) In addition, gay and lesbians have attracted little interest from the advertising market as well. Studies have shown that gay and lesbian consumers are more attracted to commercial advertisements that positively represent other homosexual couples over heterosexual couples. Another study had shown that heterosexual audiences are more positively attracted to ads that show lesbian couples than ads that show gay couples (Oakenfull, 2007). Gender stereotypes in advertising are still common in many countries around the world. It has been suggested that consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s attitudes toward gender stereotyping in commercial may not be taken as seriously as many may think. Unfair portrayals of women in advertising has long been the discussion of many feminist groups, but many think that the unfair depiction of men is necessary to fully understand where these stereotypes come from (Zoto, 2016). Gender Stereotypes in Advertisement It has been found that for the past 50 years stereotyping in advertisements is typical, it is especially typical for genders to be stereotyped. Over time, the obviousness of these stereotypes has decreased, but they are still occurring in countries all over the world. There has also been an increase in understanding how to use social media to better reach specific demographics (Huhmann,2016). Research has shown patterns in types of stereotypes. Studies have shown that women are typically places in homemaker roles and seen in fewer professional roles. There is also an emphasis on womenÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance when compared to males. Male figures are often shown as leader and breadwinners in the house hold. Studies have found, however, that there is a change happening where genders are becoming more equal over time, as women are seen in positions of power and men are shown as softer characters (Grau, 2016). The type of channel also plays a large role in the amount of stereotyping that occurs. A study found that both private channels as well as public channels included gender stereotyping, however they two varied somewhat in type. For both it was found that women were shown to be younger and portrayed in home/reliant roles. Whereas men were shown to be in the work place or as independent characters. It was also found that location and occupation-based stereotypes were more prevalent on public channels, and physical characteristics and behavior were more common on private channels (Grau, 2016). The use of social media has become an advantage as well as a disadvantage for advertisement industries. Using these internet-based platforms it is much easier to reach a target audience, however it is also easy to share said advertisement with the wrong audience. This can cause certain groups being offended or misinterpreting a product. For example, an ad may try to reach a young audience by using a popular rap song, but this same ad could be taken offensively by an older generation. These specific demographics may also cause variations of how much stereotyping is shown in each one (Huhmann, 2016) The role media production plays in society is varied greatly. There are two theories when it comes to explaining advertising strategyÃ¢â¬â¢s and the use of stereotypes. The first is the Ã¢â¬ËMirrorÃ¢â¬â¢ point of view in which advertisements are simply showing society as it is. They project what they see society to be, without adjusting the roles. A study done on Chinese advertisements support this point of view. It was found in the Chinese ads, men and women were equal, and not many stereotypes were prevalent, as seen in their actual culture. The second point of view is the Ã¢â¬ËModelÃ¢â¬â¢, this one suggests that society is shaped by the advertisements around it. It is also argued that rather than these being two separate items, that they are on one continuum. This resulting in the continuation of stereotypes in society (Grau, 2016). Advertising companies will use different methods of targeting specific audiences. This is especially true when targeting women. It was found that women make up most consumers, so it would make sense that companies pay special attention to how female react to advertisement. We see this in common in digital advertisements as well as physical displays in shopping malls. When it comes to displaying products companies will place promotions in a way that will influence women to buy more. For example, advertising professionals will place childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s clothes close to the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s section, because most women will buy for their family primarily (Shkurkin, et al. 2017). A research article categorized women into 5 groups to explain some of the characteristics advertising professionals look out for. First is the Ã¢â¬Ërich and beautifulÃ¢â¬â¢, this group is often young 18-25 with high level education, no job, and above average income. This group typically has wealthy providers which could be a husband/boyfriend or parental figure. Priorities here are the desire to appear wealthy and live lavishly, family is not seen to be important in this category. Next is the Ã¢â¬ËDray-horseÃ¢â¬â¢, this group is aged over 27 years old and makes average to below average income. In this group dreams are relatively small and achievable (for example go on a vacation, spend time with family, raise well-mannered children). WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s role in this category is to have a small job and primarily take care of the family. Next, we see the Ã¢â¬Ëmodern and business-minded womanÃ¢â¬â¢, this group of 25-40-year-old women are feminist minded, make average income, and are typically childless and single. Their goals are to gain higher positions in their job, and they have little to no time to shop. Fourth we see the Ã¢â¬ËIntellectualsÃ¢â¬â¢, in this group women are aged over 20 years old. These women are typically married with children, and have jobs in teaching, engineering, and economics. Family is not a major focus, but the search for inner and outer harmony is a large priority. Lastly, we see the Ã¢â¬ËStudentÃ¢â¬â¢ category. This groups of 16-30 years old women often donÃ¢â¬â¢t have money to shop regularly but see malls as a place to hang out. Their ideals are to appear cool and unique but feel the desire to purchase expensive things. Using these categories adverting professionals target each demographic (Shkurkin, et al. 2017). WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s stereotyping in advertising is often researched, but one that is sometimes forgotten is the impact of advertising on male gender roles. Males in advertising are usually depicted as non-feminine, heterosexual, and dominant. Their associations to family roles are shown as the breadwinner, moral guide, or a role model. It is rare to see a male being depicted as a child care giver or a stay at home character. These methods of advertising are based on the types of feedback advertising companies receive. Studies have found that more conservative demographics give most positive feedback to the ideology of women stays at home to do house duties and the male goes to work. Some traditionalists are accepting of an egalitarian relationship where couples work equally (Baxter, 2016.) A study in which traditionalists and less-traditionalists were shown two ads in which a child was being taken care of by a woman, and the other was a child being taken care of by a male. The researchers record the feedback in which this ad received, and it was found that most were accepting of both ads, but more traditionalist preferred the female version. It also showed that some participants didnÃ¢â¬â¢t see the male as the primary care giver, with comments suggesting that the father was giving the mother a break for a while. Others acknowledged the change in society and how fathers were shown in more feminine positions. This information shows some of the acceptances being made currently, but also highlights the still existing male gender stereotypes (Baxter, 2016.) Stereotypes based upon appearance also play a role in the way advertisements work. It is often found that beauty is associated with a positive life and or benefits in life. It was found the recognition of this concept starts as young as the age of 7 years old, at this stage of brain development children have higher levels of cognitive thought in which they can identify attractiveness and social associations of this. And at the age of 8 they can start to communicate a response towards these commercials (Vermeir Sompel, 2014). We see the concept of Ã¢â¬Ëbeauty = happinessÃ¢â¬â¢ is shown in commercials, by using bright colors with high contrast as well as using attractive models. This concept is not implemented by advertisers alone but shown in any form of entertainment targeted towards children. For example, Disney movies often portray their hero using attractive characters or actors (Vermeir Sompel, 2014). A study shows that when children were shown 2 Wii commercials using Ã¢â¬ËattractiveÃ¢â¬â¢ models as well as Ã¢â¬Ëmoderately attractiveÃ¢â¬â¢ models the participants aged 8 years old associated the more attractive ones more positively. These participants describe the characters as Ã¢â¬ËkindÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëhaving more friendsÃ¢â¬â¢. The same study was shown to 11-year-olds, but the results showed less bias for the attractive models. This is predicted to have occurred due to the high cognitive development and ability to better analyze the commercials (Vermeir Sompel, 2014). While a higher cognitive development can help people show less bias, commercials themselves can distract people and cause a cognitive interference. The effects of cognitive interference that are generated by such distractions extend well beyond the domain of judgment tasks (Miarmi DeBono 2007). This distraction cause people to use stereotypes present to help judge and understand their surroundings. Ã¢â¬Å"One advantage of a stereotype is that it enables us to respond rapidly to situations because we may have had a similar experience before.Ã¢â¬ When thought upon in terms of advertisement where information is presented and taken away at a rapid pace would explain why Ã¢â¬Å"communal female advertising characters are still being evaluated more favorably than agentic onesÃ¢â¬ (INFANGER, BOSAK, SCZESNY 2012). This is important as what is more favorable will be what is advertised in the future and what is advertised in the future will be what stereotypes are continued to future generations.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God by looking at the universe. It is an A posteriori proof based on experience and the observation of the world not logic so the outcome is probable or possible not definite. The argument is in three forms; motion, causation and being. These are also the first three ways in the five ways presented by Aquinas through which he believed the existence of God could be shown. Aquinas regarded Aristotle as the principal philosopher so many of these concepts originate in the thinking of Aristotle. One example of the cosmological argument is the argument ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore, it is more believable that the universe had a beginning and a personal creator. The third of Aquinas ways is the argument of contingency. The world consists of contingent items- items that have a property are items referred to as being. These items are generated and perish; they have a beginning and an end. There must have once been a time when nothing existed. But then how did these items come into being? There must be something or someone able to bring other items into being without itself being brought into being. This necessary being is God. These arguments are strong ones for the existence of God, built upon clear and apparently true observations of the world around us. However, there are many criticisms. Hume argued that both Thomas Aquinas and William Lane Craig contradict themselves by firstly denying the possibility of the infinite, but then claiming that there must have been an infinite being. How can this be so? Supporters of the argument could use the idea that God is unique and outside the laws of nature. But even so, this point weakens the argument as there is no proof of the attributes of God. Many may ask these questions: Why does the universe have to be caused? Why cannot it always have been there? The human mind seems incapable of comprehending the idea of infinity, yet we accept the idea of an immortal being. AShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument ThingsRead MoreExplain the Strengths and Weaknesses of Aquinas Cosmological Argument1203 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa) Explain the strengths and weaknesses of AquinasÃ¢â¬â¢ cosmological arguments. The cosmological argument is an a posteriori argument based on the question of the relation of the universeÃ¢â¬â¢s existence and GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. This argument focuses on the theory that if the universe exists then something must have caused it to existence, ie. A God or Creator. Supporters of this argument claim that to fully comprehend the existence of the universe, one must rely on a theory of a God however critics wouldRead MoreWeak Arguments in Cosmological Argument by Thomas Aquinas692 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthat God exists? Thomas Aquinas attempted to prove the existence of God in a rational way through his Cosmological argument. Aquinas argued that every event as we observe it has a cause and a casual chain cannot be infinite. Therefore, a first cause is necessary and this cause is God. AquinasÃ¢â¬â¢ argument is unsuccessful because it assumes that God is a necessary being, fails to prove that the world is not an infinite chain of events, and undermines the bas is of his argument by saying that God is infiniteRead MoreThe Key Ideas of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Key Ideas of the Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God A) The cosmological argument is to prove the existence of god. In this type of argument we are looking at cause and not design. This type of argument is an aposteriori argument because it is based upon experience. Thomas Aquinas puts the key ideas into 3 ways. First way is, motion/change. Nothing can move by itself or change itself. The first thing to have moved must have been moved by something else and Read MoreThe Question of Why God Exists595 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesThe question of godÃ¢â¬â¢s existence has been around for centuries, and so have the explanations as to why God exists. The Cosmological argument is an argument by the Christian, Theologian and Philosopher St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) in an attempt to prove GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. I will argue that the weaknesses of this argument outweigh its strengths, and therefore making the Cosmological argument a weak argument for the proof of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence. The Cosmological argument is seen as a benchmark in the questionRead MoreEveryman1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages PHIL 201 D44 LUO August 18, 2011 A Response to Atheism In reading McCloskeyÃ¢â¬â¢s article itÃ¢â¬â¢s obvious he is searching for definitive proof that God exists. He is unable to find proof and therefore comes to the conclusion that God must not exist. He believes that the existence of evil discredits arguments made in support of believing in God. There is not one single thing in this world that we can know definitively without looking at the evidence. You have to look at the whole picture. 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Examine the strengths and weaknesses of the argument for the existence of God based on religious experience. (18) 2. Ã¢â¬ËThe argument merely indicates the probability of God and this is of little value to a religious believer.Ã¢â¬â¢ Discuss. (12) In contrast to the classical arguments for the existence of God, namely the ontological, cosmological and teleological arguments, the argument from religious experience doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t just entail a set logical of points arriving at a conclusion on a piece of paper